This area was first settled because of these thermal waters. The city of Hierapolis was established in 190BC by the king of Pergamon, Eummanes II. The city was very prosperous under Roman rule and even more so under the Byzantines.
• The Basilica
You will find hte Basilica to the easy of the big bath right next to the road. It's thought that it was constructed after Hierapolis became the centre of the Bishopry. The erection of the Basilicas and churches lead to the city's adoption of the Roman architectural style.
• The Agora
Towards the southern gate, close the Gymnasium and big bath you will find the Agora. The bazaar and great meetings took place here. Inscriptions were found during the excavations of the Agora which indicated the importance of cotton growing and weaving to the area.
• The Colonnaded Street
The Colonnaded Street is about 1km long and runs through the whole city. In Hierapolis high day, it would have been lined by stoas and important buildings. At the northern and southern ends of the street, outside the Byzantium city walls, you will find momumental gates, which were constructed during the Roman period.
• The Great Bath Complex
Today the great bath houses the meseum. It's thought that the interior of the building was covered in marbal. The construction is typical of Roman Baths.
• Saint Philippe Martrium
Saint Philippe Martrium is Octogonal in shape and was built on the site where it is thought that St Philip was martyred. Saint Philip was one of the twelve Apostles, he worked hard to spread Christianity in Hierapolis and together with his sons, founded the first christian community.